Full name: Napoleon Bonaparte.
Birth: August 15, 1769, Ajaccio, Corsica, France.
Death: May 5, 1821 (51 years), Longwood, St Helena, British Empire.
It is a French military and political leader who became known during the last stages of the French Revolution and the wars that followed in Europe.
Napoleon was born in Ajaccio, Corsica, into a family of noble Italian ancestry settled in Corsica in the 16th century.
He trained as an artillery officer in France. He distinguished himself under the first French Republic and successfully led campaigns against the first and second coalitions against France. He led a successful invasion of the Italian peninsula.
In 1799 he organized a coup d’etat and established himself as First Consul. Five years later, the French Senate proclaimed him emperor after a plebiscite in his favor.
During the first decade of the 19th century, Napoleon’s French empire took part in a series of war conflicts in which all major European powers took part. After a series of victories, France acquired a dominant position in continental Europe and Napoleon maintained the French influence with the formation of extended alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to govern other European countries as that country customers of France. .
The War of Independence of 1812 and the French invasion of Russia marked a turning point in Napoleon’s fortune. His Grande Armée was badly damaged during the campaign and never completely recovered.
In 1813, the sixth coalition defeated its forces in Leipzig and the following year the coalition invaded France. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba.
Less than a year later, he escaped from the island of Elba and regained power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815.
Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in British isolation on the island of St. Helena. An autopsy concluded that he had died of stomach cancer, but the cause of his death was debated, with some scholars assuming he had been a victim of arsenic poisoning. .
He is buried in the Invalides, Paris, France.