Full name: Pier Paolo Pasolini
Born March 5, 1922 in Bologna (Italy)
Died: Ostia (Italy) on November 2, 1975
Pier Paolo Pasolini was an Italian writer, poet and director. He is one of the most recognized writers of his generation, as well as one of the most respected filmmakers in his country.
Pasolini was born in Bologna, a city of left-wing political tradition, but as a child he was taken to many cities.
Pasolini began writing poetry at the age of seven and was first published at the age of 19 while studying at the University of Bologna.
His poetic work, like his essay and his journalistic work, is polemized with official Marxism and Catholicism, which he calls “the two churches” and blames them for not understanding the culture of their own proletarian bases. and peasant. He also felt that the dominant cultural system, especially through television, created a unifying model that destroyed the most naive and valuable cultures of popular traditions.
He began in 1961 as a director and quickly created a kind of second neorealism, exploring aspects of everyday life, in a tone close to that of Commedia dell’arte, focusing his attention on marginal characters, crime And life. the poverty that drives Italy into the post-war era and creates a narrative and visual style in which pathos and irony prevail over the thick and sometimes sordid humor of her stories.
He made his debut in 1961 with a film in neorealist key but which covers much more and surprises the critic: Accattone, in which he begins his personal and professional relationship with one of his fetishist actors (Franco Citti) who, with his brother Sergio Citti, had been a student of Pasolini when he was a teacher. His second film, Mamma Roma (1962), is an already fully neo-realist work, which has almost been premiered since its premiere at one of the peaks of 1960s Italian cinema, and has one of the most acclaimed interpretations of the memorable actress Anna Magnani With The Gospel according to San Mateo (1964), Pasolini breaks with his previous career (remember that Pasolini was a recognized atheist and that in 1963, he was sentenced to 4 months in prison for his anticlerical positions in the Ro.Go.Pa.G.), although he does not betray his personal obsessions or the constants of his cinema, when presenting the biblical passage in a Marxist reading (in keeping with his ideology of the left), and the irony is that the Vatican itself will declare it in 1999 the best films of the twentieth century in its portrait of the Scriptures and the figure of Jesus.
Pasolini was murdered by a marginal young man, who hit him with his own car in the popular health resort of Ostia. He was then a widely recognized intellectual and enjoyed a comfortable economic situation, but, as has been said, the controversy surrounding him in life is intensifying more and more recently and the “official” Italy of the time finally makes him pay. Thus, during the first investigations, the statements of the alleged murderer that he was killed because the director proposed to have sex, did not convince all Italy and still proposed theories that some powerful members of the government wanted died to the director because of the criticism he continually made through his films, books and political speeches, while the day of his murder, strangers had called him to blackmail him and make him rolls of unpublished scenes of Salò.