Full Name: Rosalind Elsie Franklin.
Born: July 25, 1920, Kensington, England.
Death: April 16, 1958, 37 years old, Chelsea, London, England.
Rosalind Elsie Franklin was an English biophysicist and crystallographer who made important contributions to understanding the structures of DNA, viruses, carbon and graphite.
Franklin is best remembered for photograph 51, an image of X-ray diffraction DNA, which formed the basis of the DNA double-helix structure hypothesis in the publication of the article by James Watson and Francis Crick of 1953..
Rosalind Franklin graduated from Cambridge University in 1941, having to fight the opposition of parents. He carried out fundamental studies on the microstructures of coal and graphite. This work formed the basis of his Ph.D. in physical chemistry obtained at the University of Cambridge in 1945.
After Cambridge, he spent three years (1947-1950) in Paris, Laboratory of Chemical Services of the State, where she studied application of X-ray diffraction techniques to amorphous substances, and it is this which gave the basis and thus the discovery of the molecular structure of DNA which has been corroborated by Watson and Crick.
He died of ovarian cancer and is believed to be the result of repeated exposure to radiation in his experiments.